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Patellofemoral Pain (Runner's knee)

Pain behind and around the kneecap, also known as patellofemoral pain, is the most common overuse injury in runners. This pathology results from overstressing the knee and is caused by any repeated knee bending activity (squats, stairs and hills). 

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome (IT Band Syndrome)

Iliotibial band syndrome is a very common overuse injury in long-distance runners. It is characterized by pain on the outside part of the knee due to friction between a thick band of fascia (the iliotibial band) and a bony bump (lateral femoral epicondyle). This pain occurs when the knee is bent and straightened repeatedly beyond the tissue's tolerance. 

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Patellar Tendinopathy (Patellar tendinitis)

Patellar tendinopathy is characterized by localized pain at the lower tip of the patella. This pain increases during squat-like activities, such as walking/running and going downstairs. If pain persists after the initial inflammatory stage, it is important to start a strengthening program to help the tendon become stronger and more tolerant to load.

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