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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Patellofemoral syndrome)

Pain behind and around the kneecap, scientifically known as patellofemoral pain syndrome, is the most common syndrome in marathon runners. This pathology results from overstressing the knee and is caused by any repeated knee bending activity (squats, stairs and hills). 

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome (Iliotibial band friction syndrome)

Iliotibial band syndrome is the second most common pathology in marathon runners. It is characterized by pain in the lateral side of the knee resulting from friction between a thick band of fascia (the band) and a bony femoral prominence. This pain occurs when the stress of repeatedly flexing and extending the knee exceeds the tissue's tolerance. Basically, you have overdone it!

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Patellar Tendinopathy (Patellar tendinitis)

Patellar tendinopathy is characterized by localized pain at the lower tip of the patella. This pain increases during squat type activities, such as going down stairs or during palpation. After the initial inflammatory stage, pain sometimes persists for more than a few weeks, and the tendon develops fibrosis (partial degeneration) and weakens.

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