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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's knee)

Pain behind and around the kneecap, also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome, is the most common overuse injury in runners. This pathology results from overstressing the knee and is caused by any repeated knee bending activity (squats, stairs and hills). 

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome (IT Band Syndrome)

Iliotibial band syndrome is the second most common overuse injury in runners. It is characterized by pain on the outside of the knee due to friction between a thick band of fascia (the band) and the bone. This pain occurs when the stress of repeatedly flexing and extending the knee exceeds the tissue's tolerance. 

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Patellar Tendinopathy (Patellar tendinitis)

Patellar tendinopathy is characterized by localized pain at the lower tip of the patella. This pain increases during squat type activities, such as walking/running downstairs. After the initial inflammatory stage, pain sometimes persists for more than a few weeks, and the tendon develops fibrosis (partial degeneration) and weakens.

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