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Metatarsal Stress Fracture

A metatarsal stress fracture occurs when the foot is overloaded. For instance, a rapid increase in hills or speed training can lead to a stress fracture. Pain caused by a metatarsal stress fracture is often localized on the top of the foot (ie. in line with the third or fourth toe), and can be very debilitating.

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Metatarsalgia (Pain in the forefoot)

Metatarsalgia causes pain under the ball of the foot. Repetitive movements can irritate this area. Pain is felt during the walking or running, mainly when pressure is placed on the forefoot.

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Plantar Fasciopathy (Fasciitis, fasciosis, heel spurs)

Plantar fasciopathy, commonly known as fasciitis, is an irritation of the fascia (connective tissue) under the foot. The plantar fascia runs between the calcaneus (heel bone) and toes, and helps support the foot’s arch. Pain develops gradually and symptoms may include foot stiffness in the morning. Pain may also increase with forefoot running.

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Hallux valgus (Big toe bunion)

Hallux valgus is a deformity of the big toe, causing it to deviate towards the second toe. Common causes include previous injury to the big toe joint, genetics, or frequently wearing shoes that are too narrow or tight.

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Interdigital Perineural Fibroma (Morton's neuroma)

Interdigital perineural fibroma, commonly called Morton's neuroma, refers to nerve inflammation and irritation due to nerve compression between adjacent bones and ligaments. The affected nerve is usually between the bones in the third and fourth toes. This condition is characterized by acute and occasionally burning pain in the forefoot, sometimes associated with numbness or tingling.

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Fat Pad Syndrome (Heel pain)

The heel fat pad is an anatomical structure that protects the heel bone, the calcaneus, from impact with the ground. This "shock-absorbing" pad can become irritated, thin and damaged if subjected to increased force and impact.

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